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Cairo in few lines
transliterated: al-Qāhirah) is the capital city of
Egypt (and previously the United Arab Republic) and has a
metropolitan area population of approximately 15.2 million people,
the largest in Africa. Cairo is the sixteenth most populous
metropolitan area in the world (the 10th according to 2004). Cairo
is located at 30°2' North, 31°13' East (30.03333, 31.21667).
al-Qāhirah is the official name of the city, in local speech
it is typically called simply by the name of the country, Mişr
pronounced Maşr in the local dialect.
name Al-Qahirah literally means "The Subduer," though it
is often translated as "The Victorious." The
origin of the name is said to come from the appearance of the
planet Mars during the foundation of the city. The planet Mars,
associated with destruction was called "Al Najm Al Qahir"
in Arabic, from which the name of the city was derived. However
the legacy of the name evolved into the title "Qahirat Al
Adaa" meaning "subduer of the enemies". This title
was given to the city as many armies were destroyed in attempts to
invade Cairo or defeated elsewhere by troops sent from Cairo.
(Mongols, Crusaders & Ottomans are examples.)
remained the central city of Egypt throughout the period of
British rule and afterwards. The 20th century saw massive growth
in the size of the city as peasants left the farmlands in pursuit
of work in the factories and commerce of the metropolis. The city
was especially burdened by refugees from the various wars with
Israel: much of the population of the Sinai peninsula and the
cities along the Suez Canal left for Cairo between 1967 and 1978.
Cairo is Africa's most populous city and the Arab world's cultural
the 19th century Cairo has also become a center for tourism as
people from around the world have come to see the monuments and
artifacts of Ancient Egypt, especially the Pyramids. Laws against
the export of these treasures has meant that the Egyptian Museum
in Cairo is the only place in the world that many items can be
Courtesy of Wikipedia
Cairo Public Services - Strategic Partners