in Few lines.
The capital of
Kerman city with a height of 1755 m. is located on a high margin
of Kavir-e lut (Lut Desert) in the central south of Iran, is the
Capital of Kerman Providence. Kerman is counted as one of the
oldest cities and its name is derived from the Germaniol race
listed by Herodotus, and its construction is attributed to
Ardashir I of Sassanid
Dynasty (Ardashir-e Babakan) in 3rd century CE.
Kerman was ruled by Turkmans, Arabs and Mongols after the 7th
Century CE and was expanded rapidly during the Safavid
Dynasty. Carpets and rugs were exported to England and Germany
during this period. As it also is a major hand woven carpet
production center of the country, and hundreds of small workshops
scattered through the city.
Kerman has had a long turbulent history. It was only during the
rule of the Qajar
Dynasty that security was restored in this city under the
Central Government. Kerman has a small Zoroastrian minority. Most
of the ancient Kerman was destroyed in a 1794 earthquake.
The distance between this city and Tehran
is 1064 kms. and is on Tehran, Bandar Abbas and Zahedan
route. Kerman airport is counted as one of the main airports which
has daily & weekly flights to Tehran, Ahwaz,
Bandar Abbas, Mashhad
and Shiraz. Also the
Trans Iranian Railway passes through this city.
city has a moderate and the average annual rainfall is 135 mm.
Because it is located close to the Kavir-e lut, Kerman has hot
summers and in the spring it often has violent sand storms.
Otherwise, its climate is relatively cool.
Masjed-e Jame (Jame Mosque)
Masjed-e Jame or Muzaffari is one of the historical monuments of
the 14th century CE, famous for its magnificent portal, its mihrab
and mosaic-tile decorations, and its historic inscription, which
bears the date 1349 CE.
On the western side of the mosque, there is an ivan which
originally dates from the times of Ali Muzaffar. It has a
wonderful blue faience featuring shades of blue from turquoise to
ultramarine, creating a vertical horizon of smooth shimmering
However, the mosque has been repaired in later periods, including
repairs of the main part of its mihrab, carried out in the reign
of Shah Abbas II of Safavid Dynasty. The wall of the Mihrab
(altar) and the central dome are also decorated with admirable
geometric compositions. The altar is open to the public.
The south-western portal of the mosque also belongs to the Safavid
period. The minaret and the Muadhin`s cage of the Masjid have been
repaired under Karim Khan of Zand
Dynasty, and its mihrab is one of the outstanding parts of
Some essential repairs and decorative and tile works were
completed in the year 1940. It is considered to be the most
fabulous structure in the city and is located in the main square
Ganjali Khan was one of the famous rulers during the reign of Shah
Abbas of Safavid. As the ruler of Kerman province he constructed
many monuments and buildings. Ganjali Khan complex is composed of
a school, a square, a caravanserai, a public bath, a water
reservoir, a mint house, a mosque and a bazaar. A number of
inscriptions laid inside the complex indicate the exact date when
these places have been built.
Out of Ganjali Khan complex, the Khan public bath located in the
grand bazaar of Kerman serves as an anthropology museum today and
attracts an increasing number of Iranian and foreign tourists.
This is a unique work of architecture with beautiful tile works,
paintings, stuccos, and arches.
The bath rendered service no later than 60 years ago. In the
closet section and main yard of the bath there are many life-like
statues. These statues were designed at Tehran University's
faculty of fine arts in 1973 and then transferred to this museum.
This complex has been built during the Safavid era (1501 - 1722
CE) enjoying a modern architectural style of the time. This bath
is an association of architecture and application of an array of
constructional materials in an appropriate space with totally
popular approaches. The architect of the bath and the complex is a
master from Yazd city named Mohammad Sultani.
the Courtesy of IranChamber